How Will 5G Impact the Internet of Things?

How Will 5G Impact the Internet of Things

IOT has already arrived. Now, it’s time to see how 5G will change it.

With communication and information storage demanding more of our remote systems with each passing day, it is obvious that our current 4G network will soon lose its importance. Any individual who has ever lost a signal when driving outside of populated zones knows how restricted our present networks are. From poor signals to networks that are not well prepared to serve everybody at once, there is clearly an opportunity to get better.

A Fifth generation wireless network made up of various technologies is the only solution to this problem. The 5G network will be a:

A network with faster speeds and higher accessibility
A network that reaches all over the place, and is accessible to everybody
A network without bounds

Such a network can reform a wide range of industries. Thankfully, it is on its way.

5G and IoT (Internet of Things)

A solitary issue with IoT applications and current 4G is nowhere related to that of bandwidth and speed but is related to Latency. The real target of 4G was to solve bandwidth focused issues like media consumption. But, the solution nowadays is not about only bandwidth, they are tied in with connecting various devices and overseeing them through one single mobile application. Estimation says that before the end of the year 2020, every user would utilize around 30 internet connected gadgets.

An IoT device can be any device like phones, AR specs, tablets, vehicles, refrigerators, smartwatch, doors, garments, and some more. Certain gadgets require shifting of the bulk of the data while some of the gadgets will simply require very small data to be moved. 5G will recognize the data need by itself and will assign bandwidth as per the need.

5G network will make utilization of points or cells. These cells will be capable enough to remain connected with each of the gadgets and perceive the information required. Without depending on where the user is, these cells will offer the most required and effective support to the connected gadgets. Bigger cells will be utilized in the same pattern as they are being utilized now while there will be different littler cells installed in the different parts of the home.

Depending upon the traveling speed of gadgets, they will adjust to the point to which they are connected. Say, for example, a tablet can connect with microcells at various places while a vehicle can’t connect with microcells at various places, allowing losing and re-building connection at different places. It needs a large cell to get connected with for having a consistent connection without any interruption. This type of speed and connectivity can’t be built up with 4G. The connection of IoT gadgets and its immaculate working is only possible with the help of 5G.

Suggested read:  IOT Application Development- The Next Big Investment Destination

Depending on the type of connected gadget, the 5G network will organize its connectivity and data flow. IoT and 5G are intended for the billions of devices needing all time connectivity. For example, in case you are streaming a 4K video on TV with the high-resolution extra-large screen, having a 5G connection will share the information all through. If 5G is utilized for building the connection amongst drone and its controller, it will pay regards to the quick reaction.

Drawbacks of 5G

We will need a large number of access points because the signal will not be able to travel at a far distance, this is a major drawback. The development and implementation expense of 5G is high and new gadgets will have to be made to support 5G. That simply means old devices will not be of any use if you want to use 5G.

The Role of Cloud Computing in the Internet of Things

The Role of Cloud Computing in the Internet of Things

Transformation is an evergreen trend, which is turning into an absolute need of the time in today’s quick paced world. With technology storing all of the data in a new refined format, there is a ton of scope with regards to data storage and control.

As social media and smart phones start to rule the world, there is a lot of discussion occurring around what’s coming next. The obvious answer of the present time is, the Internet of Things. With the Internet produces enormous lumps of data consistently, there is a bending strain on the data infrastructure, making it important to search for answers to ease the utilization of information storage.

Since the arrival of cloud technology, there has been a huge shift towards utilizing it as a method of storage for individuals and organizations alike. Given the scalability and data dynamics, there is a great deal of stress being given to the utilization of Cloud computing to make information accessible remotely.

Putting this scalability for utilization, the Cloud has turned out to be a proficient tool for exchanging data through the traditional Internet channels and additionally through a dedicated direct link. The traditional technique isn’t favored widely; however, in the meantime, numerous organizations like to utilize the direct link to exchange data to the Cloud, given the quality of the data and the security it guarantees amid the transfer stage.

This isn’t all; the Cloud has turned into a fundamental part of the Internet world. Basically, the cloud can be named as an empowering agent when it comes to IOT. The Cloud is without a doubt a perfect answer for all data-driven requirements of organizations. As this technology is growing, it is providing an agile platform for IOT application development to build up better data gadgets over the Internet.

How Cloud Computing Helps IOT?

The fundamental idea behind the IOT and the Cloud computing is to increase productivity in the everyday tasks, without disturbing the quality of the data stored or exchanged. Since the relationship is common, both of them complement each other successfully. The IOT becomes the source of the information, while the Cloud turns into an ultimate destination for it to be stored.

As we are progressing, we will see a lot of changes happening; some of these changes will be slow while others will be quicker. Organizations like Google, Amazon AWS, and Microsoft will turn into the undisputed pioneers of Cloud IOT Services, making the test significantly more beneficial.

Read: IOT Application Development- The Next Big Investment Destination

As the Cloud accumulates more attention and speed gradually, there are a huge number of Cloud service providers which are starting to offer pay per use models to organizations. In this way, organizations just need to pay for what the computer resource they utilize. Some more reasons which feature the significance of the cloud in the world of IOT are:

Decreased cost of ownership: Inflation is a ceaseless hazard which each business needs to confront sometime. The Cloud technology gives adequate assets to organizations with the goal that they don’t need to spend much on setting up their framework. Without on location frameworks, software and hardware, the IT department are more centered on their everyday up keeping activities, which are regularly an obvious advantage with the Cloud.

Business continuity programs: The Cloud computing is capable of running organizations, even amidst sudden disasters. Since the data is kept up on separate servers, there is no inescapable threat to the private data, making the Cloud a vital piece of Internet-based firms.

The Future of IOT and the Cloud

New businesses: As a lot of Cloud merchants pop up, new businesses will proceed to advance and turn out to be more effective, influencing the technology to stream stronger and smoother. The transition from one source to another will become secure, making the Cloud a solid place to function.

Developing nations: The strongest source of revenue for the Cloud originates from the developing countries, as they are trying to get up to speed with the times. But, this revenue will definitely dig, once these countries can embrace their technology to the Cloud.

The Limitations of Beacon Based Tracking and Advertising

The Limitations of Beacon Based Tracking and Advertising

With the rising costs, shifts in customer expectations and stiff competition, retailers are always on the outlook for ways to gain efficiency and increase sales. So, when beacons appeared on the tech scene in 2013, there was a lot of hype around them. They were able to and provide targeted messaging to customers as they shopped in stores by tracking their movement.

The ability to see/track the shopper movement within the brick-and-mortar stores is quite appealing to the retailers. For years, retailers with an online presence have been able to track shopper behavior online through clicks and purchase data, but they have had no way to see what the shoppers are doing at their physical locations.

Beacons Alone Cannot Track Shoppers

The user has to install an app for the beacon to work on their phone. Ideally, beacon notifications should be built in the operating system and we should not need to install any additional app. Unfortunately, the user should have the app on his phone that can catch a beacon signal. There should be enough spur for the users to download the app and allow beacons to communicate. Also, no user likes to be poked with offers/unwanted notifications.

Secondly, movement tracking can only work when a shopper…

• Is carrying a mobile device

• Has the device switched on

• Has your retail app installed on the device and authorized to interact with your beacons

• Has both Wi-Fi/Cellular Network and Bluetooth switched on.

Challenges in Beacon Location Coverage

The BLE beacons can’t determine a shopper’s physical location with pinpoint accuracy, so it can be hard to know how many beacons are required, or where to position them in order to ensure that a zone is adequately covered.

Blind spots are hard to eliminate, presenting the risk that push notifications targeting shoppers in a particular zone may not reach their intended targets, or notifications intended for shoppers in one zone are pushed to those in an adjacent area.

Worth Reading [Improve Your Business ROI with Beacon Apps]

The Risks of Irrelevant Notifications

For example, a clothing retailer, your customer in the ladies shoes section might receive a notification or offer relating to the men’s underwear section just across the aisle—which would probably not qualify as a customer-experience high point.


The idea of automatically logging in on entering a beacon zone and having your preferences linked to it might delight a few, while spooking many others.


Signals are Easy to duplicate” This feature, often considered strength, can be a weakness too. Though, it allows you to deploy the same beacons at multiple sites, it also makes it easy to ‘spoof’. With growing security and privacy concerns around beacons technology, this can be a huge dampener.

Thankfully, the new Bluetooth 4.2 specification takes care of this, by making it much more difficult to track a user through beacons if they haven’t specifically opted in.

 Technical Limitations

As beacons use Bluetooth Smart low energy radiation to send out the signals to the device, it is essential that the mobile Bluetooth is switched for interaction with the beacon in the beacon range. This part becomes difficult because apparently it is not known where the beacon is placed and when the Bluetooth needs to be on. It can be a turn off for many people as keeping Bluetooth on for the long period of time can drain the battery of the device.

Upgraded Handsets

Your phone needs to have Bluetooth low energy hardware built in. Until recently, only iPhones with iOS7+ had BLE compatibility. Now the latest Android phones will also be compatible with BLE. In most developing countries, people still use the lower versions of operating systems; hence the power of beacons can only be leashed once these people also have upgraded phones.


Though the idea is really game changing, but no technology is perfect. In order to take advantage of all its features, we need to understand its drawbacks and pitfalls and then tackle these with the right information and the right approach! Beacons are evolving and are poised to contribute heavily in the marketing landscape. The above-mentioned issues should not deter you from adding beacons into your marketing mix. Getting a second thought? Recall the time when TV was introduced for the first time; people discarded the idea thinking, why would anyone want to sit down for long hours in front of a screen, when one can simply pick up a radio and take a walk.

Improve Your Business ROI with Beacon Apps

Improve Your Business ROI with Beacon Apps

Beacons are a technology that utilizes Bluetooth low-energy wireless technology to transmit signals which is used by the mobile softwares to trigger their own push notifications. The information is exchanged as per location, after the signal is grabbed from devices that are in  close proximity and support the sharing of information  using low-energy Bluetooth. This new innovation is a much-needed tool or app for organizations, as it can shake up travel, m-commerce, retail and some more industries.

Implementation in the Real World

The devices compatible with beacons are iPhone 4s and later, iPad mini, iPad touch (5th gen. And later), iPad 3. The same beacon technology is also supported by Android 4.3 and later. Along with these devices, this technology is being used in many other industries.

Beacons can detect the location of the devices. It can help the organization to track the location of their employees within the office premises. In addition to employee time tracking these devices can also be utilized in improving staff productivity, booking meeting rooms and more.

So, in case you possess a business and are thinking about taking advantage of this excellent innovation, here are a few thoughts that  can enable you to improve your return on investment:

Beacon for Retail Stores


Beacon applications are widely used in retail organizations since it enables clients to check details of a particular item, or details about special deals and particular offers. At the time when customers enter the store, the application will detect their device and it will even inquire as to whether they are interested in purchasing the most recent models of the same.

Beacon For Travel


Travelers who are utilizing an iOS or Android device will get important as well as relevant information relying upon their area, for example, information about places they can visit, eateries, where they can eat, or hotels where they can rest overnight.

Additionally, subsequent to checking in at the hotel, clients will begin getting updates for the latest special offers. Some low-cost organizations also send updates to clients when they reach at the airport to remind them various rules that must be followed inside.

Beacon For Automotive

With the help of beacons, customers can get traffic estimations and forecasts. They are also able to unlock their cars or perform the same actions using an additional application, for example, Silvercar.

Integrated Into LED Light

Nowadays, LED lights with Bluetooth low-energy are also available in the market. And, it appears as retailers are enjoying these new lower-energy lights since they can cut expenses.

With the invention of Beacon technology, gone are the days when people used to ask others about the specifications or the location of a particular product. Because people who use a companion app while visiting a store can find the product on the map of the store with the help of their mobile phones.

Beacon For Entertainment Industry

In case clients play their favorite game in a shop, they get virtual prizes. Likewise, when passing by a cinema, mobile clients can get data about what’s playing and in case they’re lucky enough, perhaps they can even get vouchers.

Partnerships can be made between music organizations or magazines and private or public transportation, so before clients will get an airplane or train, they will get updates on what artist to listen or which movie to watch or what novel to read.

Beacon For Personal Use

A few people forget to take out the garbage and they require somebody to remind them. By adding a beacon to the junk can and setting an alarm to “take out the waste” day by day, at a particular time, the junk will never again sit for quite a long time and decay in the waste can.

The Beacon will likewise inform clients to take their umbrella if there are chances of rain that day, and keeping in mind that they’re at home, they will not have to turn on the lights, as beacons will activate appliances. This implies when heading to the kitchen to the mobile phone in the pocket, the beacons will turn on the lights in the room.

Beacon application development can bring the desired change in the way your business/brand communicate with your customers. Be the first adapter in the industry and see your Beacon app development help your business ROI in the following couple of years.

The Pain and Promises of the Beacon Technology in the Retail Sector

The Pain and Promises of the Beacon Technology in the Retail Sector

Technology is advancing at a rapid pace, turning science fiction into reality gradually. The beacon technology is one such technological advancement that was once a figment of the imagination of countless researchers. Let’s glance through at how beacon technology is sprouting and changing our business world.

What is a Beacon?

A Beacon is a small, battery-powered, wireless sensor with a built-in Bluetooth device (chip) that works on Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). It allows the Bluetooth enabled devices to receive data within short distances.

The beacon device is purposely designed in such a way that it can be fixed anywhere easily and be efficiently used by everyone. It constantly broadcasts a radio signal, and when a device receives this signal, it reads the ID of the beacon and hence triggering the action in the smartphone app. What makes a beacon technology different is its ability to ‘awaken’ an app that has been downloaded on the smartphone but is not open.

Diving Deep into the Beacon Technology

Most beacons use the BLE technology as it requires low energy consumption and operation costs. The technology only allows for small amounts of data transmission, and hence is the reason why most beacons only transmit their IDs.

Beacons consist of three values:

•  Universally unique identifier (UUID)
•  Major value
•  Minor value

The purpose of transmitting this ID is to differentiate a beacon from all other beacons in an area. The major and minor values are the integer values given to the beacon for greater accuracy in identification. The beacons also carry information about its signal power to determine the proximity of the source.


Presented at the World Wide Developer’s Conference in 2014 as part of Apple’s iOS 7, iBeacon is a brand name created by Apple Inc. It is a technological improvement by Apple that has been implemented in the location framework in iOS 7 and the newer operating systems. As described earlier, iBeacon uses BLE technology to sense propinquity and transmit UUIDs that trigger actions in an attuned app or operating system.

Eddystone – A Game Changer

In response to the iBeacons, Google came up with its beacon project, known as the Eddystone, with more open and flexible approach. Eddystone is Google’s cross-platform, open-source BLE beacon format. Unlike iBeacons, it broadcasts not only the UUID but also pre-programmed web page URLs and thus does not require the installation of specific apps.

The Empowerment of the Beacons

With this sweeping rise in beacon technology, companies are investing in this technology to generate greater revenues. Below is a brief detail about how the retail industry is utilizing and availing the benefits of beacon technology:

The swiftly growing e-Commerce industry has resulted in the decrease of footfall and in-store sales for both the small retailers as well as big brands. In-stores have understood that they have to imitate e-commerce in the expanses of personalized offers and shopping experiences.

Therefore, retail is a critical area where the beacon app development services are expected to bring a huge impact – from proximity marketing to contact less payments to in-store analytics. By the end of 2017, 85% of the retail industry is expected to leverage the beacon technology. Despite the hype, the technology has some great revolutionary aspects to offer. Let’s learn a few:

Beacons send location awareness alerts, updates on merchandise/products, and promotional notifications to lure a passerby to enter the store. It can also be used to analyze customers who walk past the store and their visit duration. This analysis will help in making strategic decisions on product display.

Beacons use in-store navigation and provide real-world analytics like:

•  The areas and items a customer likes to explore
•  Where a customer spent most of her/his time
•  What and when s/he makes a purchase
•  Most in-store rushed locations
•  In-store deserted locations
•  Busiest days of the store
•  Number of people who walk into their store per day

These data provides insight into customer behavior and store performance. This analysis will help the retailers to organize their products, prices and place their products in strategic locations on strategic days and time. By knowing the repeated visitors to the store, retailers can reward those customers with loyalty benefits for their purchase.

Beacon makes a customer’s in-store journey personalized and unique. It fetches data from the wish list of a customer and notifies him when he comes across that particular product. It also recommends products based on price, quality, and offers to provide better in-store experience.

The customers who have already set up their payment information through their smartphone can use a connected beacon and complete their purchase by processing their payment without waiting in long queues. When a payment is done, the stock will be automatically updated (Worth Reading: The Sporadic Growth of Mobile Payment Gateways).

The beacon development services are progressively spreading, not just in the retail space but in the various other sectors as well. Beacons help businesses to attract more customers and to understand the demands of their potential customers. It is a cost-effective and targeted marketing technique that promotes your sales and generates higher revenues.

IOT Application Development- The Next Big Investment Destination

IOT Application Development- The Next Big Investment Destination

The Internet of Things is greatly changing the way we live, work and entertains. According to forecasts by analysts, the number of the connected devices is expected to reach 60 billion by the year 2020.

The notion of a smart home is not something we cannot have a clear depiction of. The introduction of smart appliances, lighting and parking is collecting pace, so soon we can speak about the revolution in the industries and spheres of life.

Many organizations realized the potential of IOT long ago and started investing in this innovative thing. Among these organizations are giants like Apple, that built the Home Kit IOT platform to implement home utilizations in an iOS atmosphere, and Microsoft that launched the platform Azure Internet of Things which is used by over 5 million companies worldwide.

IOT or Internet of Things is a complex system which includes 3 main constituents:

1. Infrastructure that includes a computer program on a corporate data server (or in the cloud), which evaluates and processes the data received from the connected devices.

2. Smart gadgets that interact with sensors, apps, and network. These gadgets can automatically transmit data from each other, while the software collects and processes this information.

3. IOT applications that allow the users to manage connected devices via smartphones, tablets, or computers.

One of the key trends concerning technologies today is an IOT application development. Building applications that enable the users to regulate and interact with various objects are becoming a great popular these days. There are web and mobile software solutions that can transform data to some center, receive it and make analysis to make some actions automatically. Let’s take an example of an IOT application that can send signals to personal doctor, medical center, or call emergency in case of any health deterioration, or any attack. Having such a product can even save lives. Imagine the extensity of such tech solutions can affect the healthcare domain!

So, we have got together some reasons to why you should invest in IOT application development, be it through the means of custom mobile or web app development, and the industries that should consider this issue.

a) Increased workflow efficacy

There are a lot of possibilities for web and mobile application development for business solutions. One of the primary goals that the development companies strive to achieve includes workflow automation and optimization. A decent option to make it is IOT solutions that minimize human participation in manual or technical operations.

b) Revolution in health care

We just discussed an example of using the IOT application above, but there are still so many of them. Naming a few includes health monitoring sensory applications, wearables and devices that enable measuring parameters like blood sugar level, pulse and a lot more. Applications that analyze data instantly and provide meaningful assumptions are the most probable diagnosis, which are particularly valuable in rare devices, complex to determine the newer ones.

c) A new learning environment

IOT web and mobile application development promise to have a great impact on the education industry. Perhaps, soon we may witness some evolution in teaching and learning processes. In this day and age, high-tech solutions are probing in schools, colleges, and universities, changing the entire approach towards teaching.

Here’s an idea for IOT application development in education: something that provides videos and tests on various subjects, track user activity and process the results. The teacher could then receive a report for each student: easy and complicated topics and questions, which provoke difficulties, and based on this the students get the understanding of what all should be improved.

d) Innovative tech approaches in retail

Perhaps, retail is one of the industries that should consider IOT application development or other IOT tech solution implementation in first place. One of the best cases of using advanced tech methods is beacons. Beacons are small IOT gadgets that are connected to smartphones via Bluetooth and can serve many purposes: gather customer intelligence, navigate them through buildings, send automatic push notifications to smartphones, and much more. Many shopping malls and stores have already started using beacons actively to boost sales and increase customer loyalty. And this works.

e) Enhanced Research Activity

Now IOT detectors and sensors can be connected even for geological formation of plants and more. These objects can send signals about any changes in the state, growth conditions etc. to the IOT application that in turn a process received data and demonstrates the results to the user. Therefore, scientists can make various experiments, traverse different categories much easily and with higher proficiency.

All in all, Internet of Things has a great potential for investment. It is developing by leaps and bounds, infuriating huge growth in IOT application development. The total of connected devices is growing every day, and we surely can say that IOT is going to improve the quality of life and expedite progress.

Cryptocurrency: A Bubble Waiting to Burst or a Good Investment for Entrepreneurs


If you are an entrepreneur or small business owner, you should always be conscious of new trends that influence your field. If you have not yet focused on the phenomenon cryptocurrency, it is the right time when you must pay attention to this new trend that is the changing the way in which people make transactions.

The idea is new and what it fundamentally involves is digitizing payments completely by offering digital currencies that one can use to transact without the requirement for intermediaries like banks, and this implies it can be traded across numerous clients without the costs that come with intermediaries.

While there are a lot of discussions on whether Cryptocurrency is just a bubble waiting to burst or is a good investment; entrepreneurs who want to exist in a future where tech will command numerous procedures should surely think about cryptographic forms of money and here is the reason.

It is a credible global currency

Cryptocurrencies have been around for less than one decade and it has turned out to be a power that will change how individuals do business in the near future. In spite of a lot of challenges in the way like a few governments blocking the utilization of the technology, it still is on a developing trend and more corporates are understanding the power behind Cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. This gives a clear sign that there is the room for growth.

It is now a credible and legitimate payment option, as various countries like India, Singapore, Russia and China have moved to receive their own digital forms of their currencies.

This acknowledgment and adoption by the world’s major governments of Cryptocurrencies’ authenticity – is powering their general adoption. In Japan alone, which has a populace of 127 million, cryptographic forms of money is considered as a legal payment option, and buys are as of now not taxed.

The most well-known and generally used example of Cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, the first decentralized cryptographic money. While the price of Bitcoin is currently fluctuating, the experts are saying it is expected to reach $20,000 next year.

Erik Finman – a high school dropout invested in Bitcoin in 2011 when its prices were $12 – is now a millionaire at the age of 18. He made a bet with his parents if he turned out to be a millionaire before he hits 18, he will not pursue his graduation. Thanks to his savvy investment in Bitcoin and its price hikes, he will not have to get his degree now.

A lot of examples like this on the Internet illustrates the type of potential the market actually has.

Big enterprises are welcoming Cryptocurrency

While small organizations will be slow to embrace, big enterprises are welcoming Cryptocurrency. IBM, Nestle and Walmart have made investments in Blockchain to help streamline their current procedures and fulfill the developing demand. Even the online retail leader Overstock is accepting the technology.

Furthermore, supporting organizations is also trading in. One organization that has benefited from the surge in demand is NVIDIA, which said its business was up by 54% this year because of increase in demand for its cards utilized in Cryptocurrency mining.

Say Bye to a lot of hassles with Cryptocurrency

There is no tax assessment in the Cryptocurrency world because the frameworks are sophisticated in a way that enables you to enjoy proficient exchanges that can’t be compromised. The technology is developing rapidly and while it happens, the Blockchain will also grow in value. In future, a lot of business operations will depend on Cryptocurrencies as a great many people who have utilized the technology said that it is helpful than others.

With a development in the adoption of cryptographic forms of money happening, any genuine entrepreneur would also need to learn more about this new innovation that will characterize how individuals transact in the near future.

Wrapping Up

If you accept a currency when it starts, with time it develops and you wind up with profits. It is much similar to trading in the forex markets; however, for this situation, the margins of accomplishing what you are searching for are more characterized.

The individuals who think that the technology is only a buzz that will blur away soon; it is not going anywhere and will change the present economy fundamentally. In the following couple of years, money will take another form and many entrepreneurs will benefit from this. So get on the board and you will praise the choice soon.

The Necessity of the Hour: IOT Security

The Necessity of the Hour: IOT Security

With the arrival of low power sensors, energy efficient controllers and processors, the advancements in communication, particularly in the wireless communication have hastened the reach and growth of IOT. This exponential growth is causing concerns for both data privacy and its security. Any network that has nodes with a programmable interface can possibly have a network security threat. More the devices get added to the network, the more fragile it would become.

IOT is going to stay here for long, and since the security of the data cannot be compromised, the concerns must be addressed right from the initial phase of the development. The IOT security processes must be positioned across each phase of designing, coding, installation, authorization and maintenance.

Let’s discuss the IOT security issues, and how these can be addressed to ensure the security of data.

Secure programming

The most reported security incidents have been caused due to programmers’ non-adherence to secured programming standards. With IOT devices, the threat of using the non-secure processes and functions increase the risk of weakening the link and exposing the network to attacks. This is pretty avoidable, if the programmer adheres to a few steps while coding, such as avoiding the use of non-secure functions, by using the latest updates for tool chains and by adapting to the Code Reviews and Code Analysis for security susceptibilities.

There are tools that perform the static analysis on C and C++ source files to enforce the rules in the CERT C Coding standard.

Multi network connect and lack of encryption of the data transferred over the network

Internet of Things is a heterogeneous mix of communication protocols and media. While the wireless communications are open to air, most of the protocols are open to the public, and the devices are limited with resources to implement strong security algorithms for communication. These factors contribute to the security challenges as they generally are overlooked, leaving the network prone to attacks.

Following are the kind of attacks on the IOT network:

Active attacksare carried out to interrupt the network. They are difficult to detect because of the heterogeneity of the network. There are various tools and techniques to detect and counterbalance these attacks on Wi-Fi 802.11, but the same on Bluetooth, ZigBee, NFC and Wireless Direct pose numerous challenges.

Passive attacks are carried out with the aim of stealing confidential data, and sobbing on the network. These attacks often go unobserved, are difficult to detect, and are usually an insider’s activity.

The best practice to deal with these encounters is to the encrypt data before it is sent out to the open communication channels. But the encryption and decryption of data adds to the outlays of the limited computational ability of the IOT processors and sensors. Thus, a lot of introspection is required when choosing the best alternative between security and the computational ability.

Identification and authorization of the connected devices

The IOT devices have a certain attack metrics in their lifecycle, which needs to be addressed to secure them completely.

Boot Image Security:Since most IOT devices are programmed over the air, it is possible to program them with spiteful images without identification. This gives rise to control being turned down to an intruder. To secure image, ‘Boot Image Identification Mechanism’ should be presented with a digital signature to empower the legitimacy of the image. This can be used to check every-time the program is booted in.

Role Based Login Authorization: The IOT devices are encoded to connect to the user with a single login and be recognized with the MAC address. The intruder can easily spoof the MAC address and attack the network.  The ‘Role Based Login’ should be integrated to counter data theft and device incursions.

Device Network Identification: Most of the IOT Devices start the transmission of data over the network the moment they are connected, leaving them more susceptible to active attacks.

To avoid any accidents, the device network should have a second level of handshake verification, specific to the network and device before it diffuses data over the network.

Repairing of the Identified Security Threats

Most IOT sensor devices are fixed and forgotten about, and is a bad practice which can severely compromise the security of the network. Though, it is vital to identify and fix the security defects in the future products, the present infrastructure and products must not be left behind with the security susceptibilities. Just like we have updates for the security for our personal devices, the same practice must be adopted for the network security susceptibilities. With these practices, all the devices, whether in critical or non-critical operations, can be secured.


Security is of high importance for the health of IOT Device Network. Since the devices have become smarter with artificial learning capabilities and added intelligence, they have also become more prone to attacks. IOT development companies must clinch these security solutions to secure the network. The solutions described above can be the first small steps towards the security of the IOT Network.



In the modern era, humans spend most of their time indoors. But it is nearly impossible to track the devices via GPS as cell signals are mostly blocked indoors. For this problem, BEACONS are the solution.
Beacons have been generating buzz since 2013 when Apple first introduced iBeacon technology. And while it may have appeared for a time and that this new way of connecting with customers might be slow to catch on, but today it’s on fire!

What is a Beacon?

Beacons are low-cost battery powered Bluetooth devices which are small enough to attach to walls or countertops. Beacons transmit data directly to the smartphones/tablets. They can be used in any business i.e. in shopping centers, in retail stores, in educational institutes etc. Even consumers can use beacons as a part of their home automation systems. Beacons support only one-way communications, it means beacons only transmit signal but don’t receive any information.

Each beacon has a unique identifier that a Bluetooth-enabled smartphone can detect to determine signal strength and access how close in proximity a person’s device is to the beacon. This is so the system can identify which beacon a person is closest to, so it can send the right app notification. If the technology was not precise, app notifications would have been irrelevant.

What can we actually do with beacons?
Beacons can be used in following fields:-

  • Retail Shops: – Beacons can be used in retail shops to provide offers and other products information to the users. This will provide interactive experience to the users via Proximity marketing. Also it will help the owner to manage the resources according to footfall recorded by beacons.
  • Shopping Malls: – By using beacons, malls can attract their users by sending latest ongoing promotions of various stores via proximity messaging. Moreover, beacons can help mall owners to record the user’s shopping history and other interests.
  • Café and restaurants: – Café and restaurant owners can use beacons to record the footfall of customers and to provide them menu and other offers and promotions.
  • Museums: – In museums, beacons can be used to provide information regarding the things in exhibition whenever a user goes near to a specific object in exhibition.
  • Employee location tracking: – Using beacons, employee’s location can be tracked within the office premises. This will help in better resource management.
  • Attendance system: – Beacons can be used to recording In-Time and Out-Time of any person in any organization. This is specifically beneficial for the companies having a very large number of employees where long queues can be avoided by using beacons. This process can also ensure collecting more accurate data in terms of employees going out of the office for breaks during office hours.
  • Travel Industry: – Miami International Airport recently launched an app that uses beacons to help consumers navigate the overwhelming terminals and find the correct gate for departure as the app sends them notifications on their mobile devices for restaurant and retail deals in the airport. Airports aren’t the only ones capitalizing on this trend, airlines are right on their heels. Imagine there is an unexpected flight delay. Beacons can alert passengers of a complementary drink discount at the bar around the corner, creating an inviting experience to ride out their wait. Beacons are taking a typically frustrating situation and introducing customer service technology aimed at averting and appeasing potentially disgruntled passengers. Now isn’t that how every airline passenger wants to be treated?

How to get beacons?

There are currently a number of beacon manufacturers out there, all offering a slightly different range of features, flexibility and reliability and battery life. Estimote and Kontakt are of the more popular beacon manufacturers and they offer a good SDK (software package) which allows you to configure and play around with the beacon, whilst also offering pretty decent battery life. You can get super small beacons, super long life beacons or waterproof/sturdy beacons from a quick search; you can even turn any BLE compatible phone into a beacon itself.

Beacon Protocols

The most popular Beacon implementations are Apple’s iBeacon and Google’s Eddystone.
Apple spelled out its framework for location services with iBeacon, first introduced in 2013 with iOS 7. Apple has kept the protocol proprietary, requiring non-disclosure agreements with third-party implementations such as those built for the Android platform.

Google’s Eddystone, in contrast, offers open source beaconing with cross-platform support. Eddystone, arriving only in July 2015, supports multiple approaches to the basic beacon interaction. Eddystone-URL broadcasts URLs; Eddystone-UID broadcast’s the beacon’s ID; and Eddystone-TLM provides beacon telemetry.

Google Maps has already launched beacon-based transit notifications in Portland. The Google Maps app can now send transit schedules and alerts to transit riders. Google also plans to soon add beacons to Google Now.

Top Beacon manufacturers

Three of the top beacon hardware manufacturers are Estimote, and Radius Networks.
Estimote offers beacons that are compatible with iBeacon and Eddystone and having a default battery life of about three years, a range of up to 70 meters, and an ARM Cortex-M0 core processor. The company’s beacons offer motion and temperature sensors, as well as UUID rotation mode to improve security. offers two standard beacons: the Smart Beacon and Tough Beacon. Both are compatible with iBeacon and Eddystone. Smart Beacons are built on a Nordic Semiconductor chip, contain an ARM Cortext-M0 core, have batteries that last up to two years under default settings, and can scan for BLE packets more than 50 meters away. The Tough Beacon ruggedizes the hardware, combining the capabilities as the Smart Beacon for the elements; it is shatter-resistant, waterproof, and works in extreme temperatures, from -4 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit.

Radius Networks, founded in 2011, offers a variety of proximity beacon hardware, including RadBeacon Dot, RadBeacon USB and RadBeacon X4. Its smallest beacon, RadBeacon Dot, offers an adjustable range of five to 50 meters, battery life of 30 to 285 days depending on usage, and works on a replaceable coin cell battery. Its USB beacon offers a range of five to 30 meters and is powered by any USB charger. The X4 beacon is Radius Networks’ all-weather BLE beacon that offers five to 50 meters range with up to 184 months battery life, in -40 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit.


In this world where consumers are habitual to a personalized and seamless user experience, beacons will provide the large number of opportunities for the developers to build apps with innovative experience. The only key to success is to think about “how and when to provide the content to user”. Random, inappropriate or contextually irrelevant data will be annoying to user and may hinder the users.

Lets welcome The Internet of Things

Lets welcome The Internet of Things

Let’s move from Internet of People to Internet of Things. Let’s not just shrink the world in order to connect distant people, let’s just connect the devices as well. Let’s not have the processors process the data captured by humans or some data source, let’s have the devices to see, calculate, think and collect the data from their own and then process it. Let’s remove the slightest possibility of human errors and approximations and bring down the accuracy. Let’s have the computers that know everything there is to know about anything around us. Let’s enter the world where advanced connectivity of systems, devices and services going beyond our traditional machine to machine communications that too following all the security protocols.

Let’s welcome the Internet of Things (IoT) and go back to the future of the embedded intelligence where the machines not just communicate, they rather talk to machines. It is a place where the device not just shares the information; they instead take action based on the communication. And by ‘Things’ we mean literally anything and everything.  The things we encounter in our daily life. Any embedded computing systems like automobiles with built-in sensors, real time heart monitoring, operational devices helping the fire fighters by assisting them in search and rescue operations, Wi-Fi enabled dryers and washers, location-based services and the humans as well.

So if we narrow down the vast world of IoT, it is all about smart objects. We have applications used in media, environmental monitoring, medical and health care systems, manufacturing, energy management, transportation, building and home automations, cloud computing and large scale deployments. Our embedded systems, control systems, wireless sensor networks, automation, all have their contribution in enabling the Internet of Things. It is like existing innovations driving a completely connected world.
IoT is meant to refer to a vision of internet in which not only can anyone be connected at anytime but so to anything. From the tyres of your car to your toothbrush! IoT is enabled by four key technologies underlying it and functioning as the backbone of IoT revolution.

  • The tagging of things through auto-ID technologies for example RFIDs to provide a unique identity.
  • Sensing things through sensors and actuators.
  • Shrinking things through developments in miniaturization and nanotechnology
  •  And finally things that think through increasingly embedded processing power.

The experts also say that the success of the Internet of Things will depend on open data such as various cloud networks. It also involves the conventional dualisms of “security versus freedom” and “comfort versus data privacy”. And when we talk about cloud- a digital universe of information freely available to us, privacy is the biggest challenge. With the people around us where the data only is felt secure if it is present physically, it has become a real challenge in convincing them the concept of their data being secured on cloud. Remotely managed data could also cause them to become dependent and lose their supremacy on a personal level. I think we still have some distance to go there.