It is a collection of all the software packages, resources, and libraries that can be leveraged in the development process, and the best part is, they integrate with each other seamlessly. These best JS frameworks and libraries are developed by programmers all around the globe like for example Angular framework was developed by Google, React library was created by Facebook, and Vue.js was created by an independent developer named Evan You.
These ecosystem tools help a developer from the start of the development till the final deployment. So, let’s go deeper into these frameworks and libraries.
Understanding Libraries and Frameworks
Although the principle functions of libraries and frameworks are the same, the framework is a much wider concept than libraries. Let’s understand the difference between them.
There’s nothing magical about a library or framework. Both are reusable codes written by someone to solve a common problem in an easier way. Let’s think of a house as a metaphor for web app development concepts.
A library is like Ikea. You have a home, but you need the help of Ikea for furniture. Obviously, you don’t want to build a table for your home from scratch. Here Ikea will help you choose different furniture for your home from their inventory where hundreds of furniture are available. All you need to do is pick one, and you’re done.
A framework, on the other hand, is like a builder who is building a model home for you. They have the final blueprint, which means you have fewer options to choose from when it comes to design and architecture. Your inputs will be welcomed, but the builder will ultimately proceed as per the blueprint. So, they are in control here, not you which is not in the case of libraries.
This concept of control (while using a library or a framework) is also known as the inversion of control, which is also commonly referred to as the major technical difference between framework and library.
- MongoDB: A NoSQL Database
- Express.js: A Web Application Database
- Angular.js: A Front-end Framework
- Node.js: A Server Platform
There are hundreds, if not thousands, of JS frameworks and libraries. Let’s discuss the most popular one.
Angular.js is powered by Google and is a very popular front-end framework because of its compatibility with most of the code editors. It is mostly used for the development of progressive, single-page, and dynamic web applications.
Angular’s main benefit is that you can easily convert HTML-based content into dynamic content.
Vue.js is also an open-source framework that is mostly used for the single-page web application. It leverages a component-based development model that allows you to add different components to a project.
To leverage its power, a user needs to have an understanding of CSS and HTML. It has many patterns and templates to use in development. The syntax of Vue.js is HTML-based, and the document size is also small which gives it an edge over other front-end frameworks.
Ember.js is an ideal framework for all types of applications, including web, desktop, and single-page apps. FYI, Apple Music is built on it. So, a developer can leverage the model-view-view-model pattern of Ember.js and create a development environment.
Its command-line interface will provide you tools for script automation too. It has modules like Ember Data and Ember Inspector that enhance the development process.
React isan open-source library for developing dynamic interfaces and was created by Facebook in 2011. You can leverage this robust JS library if you’re looking to build web apps with multiple dynamic elements. React consists of React Native, which is a different cross-platform framework for mobile development, which we will discuss below in our separate section of frameworks for mobile development.
D3.js is a JS library that is data-driven and focused on data visualization. It allows you to manipulate data-oriented documents by tying arbitrary data to DOM (Document Object Model) and implementing data-driven transformations to the document.
The D3.js library supports all the large datasets and dynamic behaviors for animation and interaction. The functional style of D3.js allows you to reuse codes like all other libraries and operates with HTML and CSV.
Query is a library developed to focus on handling all the HTML documents with the help of a simple API that allows developers to create animation and manage events in browsers. jQuery also has a plugin development function and also used to manipulate DOM.
You can leverage its jQuery UI for graphic interface building and jQuery Mobile for the mobile framework. It is a light-weight and cross-browser JS library.
Frameworks for Mobile Development
Ionic is also a front-end framework that facilitates a developer to develop native and progressive web and mobile applications. It also voraciously used for the development of HTML5-based hybrid mobile apps. It is highly compatible with Angular.js.
Node.js is considered as the most popular choice when it comes to back-end development. It gives you a runtime environment that can be integrated with other front-end frameworks. If you are developing a social network or blog, then Node.js is your best bet because it responds to events and supports non-blocking I/O model that makes it efficient and lightweight.
Meteor.js integrates well with React and Angular front-end frameworks and can easily be connected with Node.js too. It is best known for build automation and integration. It also allows for developing hybrid applications with Cordova. Meteor.js is excellent for building MVPs and fast prototyping.
Apart from frameworks and libraries, the package manager is another crucial part of the JS ecosystem. With the help of the package manager, you can easily search for the right library or plugin by just typing a couple of words in a command line. In short, the package manager will help you find the required dependencies easily.
Now, wait, what are dependencies? Dependencies are libraries and plugins with reusable code that helps the developer to optimize their code in the development process of an app. Package managers search for the dependencies in repositories and install them to build a more extensive application stack. You can also update the existing plugins and libraries with package managers.
In The End