History & Evolution of Cloud Computing : What to Expect in 2019


We have seen it, heard it, and done it. But, do we know what it is? We have been using cloud computing unknowingly through Gmail and Google docs, yet we never thought that these were cloud computing services.

The term “cloud” was actually derived from telephony. The telecommunication companies offered Virtual Private Network with good quality at affordable prices. The symbol of the cloud represented the demarcation point which was the sole responsibility of the provider. Cloud computing manages servers and network infrastructure management.

Cloud Solution

It has essentially evolved from various computing technologies like grid computing, utility computing, parallel computing, and virtualization. The most recent development of cloud computing has evolved from the Web2.0 technology which caters to web applications that facilitate participatory information sharing, interoperability & user-centered design, etc. Examples of Web 2.0 include wikis, blogs, social networking & video sharing sites, etc.

The evolution of cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases:

1. The Idea Phase- This phase incepted in the early 1960s with the emergence of utility and grid computing and lasted till pre-internet bubble era. Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider was the founder of cloud computing.

2. The Pre-cloud Phase- The pre-cloud phase originated in 1999 and extended to 2006. In this phase the internet as the mechanism to provide Application as Service.

3. The Cloud Phase- The much talked about real cloud phase started in the year 2007 when the classification of IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS got formalized. The history of cloud computing has witnessed some very interesting breakthroughs launched by some of the leading computer/web organizations of the world.

What is Cloud Computing technology?

Cloud computing is a technology that puts your entire computing infrastructure in both hardware and software applications online. It uses the internet, remote central servers to maintain data & applications. Gmail, Yahoo mail, Facebook, Hotmail, Orkut, etc are all the most basic and widely used examples of cloud computing. One does not need his own PC or laptop to check some stored mail/data/photos in the mailbox but any computer with an internet connection since the data is stored with the mail service provider on a remote cloud. The technology, in essence, is a geographical shift in the location of our data from personal computers to a centralized server or ‘cloud’. Typically, cloud services charge its customers on a usage basis. Hence it is also called Software as a Service (SaaS). It aims to provide infrastructure and resources online in order to serve its clients; Dynamism, Abstraction and Resource Sharing.

Varieties of Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is classified under various heads. On the basis of the type, usage & location, it is classified under the following head:

• Public Cloud- When a cloud is available to the general public on a pay-per-use basis, that cloud is called a ‘Public Cloud’. The customer has no visibility over the location of the cloud computing infrastructure. It is based on the standard cloud computing model. Examples of public cloud are Amazon EC2, Windows Azure service platform, IBM’s Blue cloud.

• Private Cloud- The internal data centers of business organizations which are not made available to the general public are termed as a private cloud. As the name suggests, the private cloud is dedicated to the customer itself. These are more secured as compared to public clouds. It uses the technology of virtualization. A private cloud is hosted on the company’s own servers. Example of private cloud technology is Eucalyptus and VMware.

• Hybrid Cloud- A combination of private and public cloud is called a hybrid cloud. Companies use their own infrastructure for normal usage and hire the cloud at events of heavy network traffic or high data load.

What’s next for Cloud Computing in 2019?

IT executives and entrepreneurs are turning more of their attention on how they use technology to achieve their business goals for 2019. Below is the list of a few trends in cloud computing that business should prepare for in the coming year:

1. Cloud Storage Capacity

As cloud services progressively turn into an essential part of doing business, we anticipate data storage to develop exponentially in the coming time. To achieve this, organizations will arrange more data centers online with bigger capacity storage equipment. As indicated by the Cisco analysis, the aggregate amount of data stored in the data centers would be 370 EB, while worldwide storage capacity would reach 600. These numbers are set to develop in 2019 to an expected aggregate storage limit of 1.1 ZB, which is around double the space accessible in 2018.

While the owners of data centers are going to increase the available storage, forward-thinking organizations will have the capacity to use that space to fulfill their requirements. For instance, organizations that work with big data will utilize this expanded space to store large data indexes or sets and perform analytics on them, and reap valuable insights into areas, for example, client behavior, human frameworks, and strategic financial investment. For small private companies, expanded storage capacity implies that 2019 will give custom or bespoke storage alternatives at far lower costs than were accessible in 2017.

2. Better Internet Quality and the Rise of 5G

Similarly to the measure of data produced and stored around the globe is expected to grow enormously in 2019, purchasers will also expect better and quicker connections from network providers.

Improved network speed will increase the buyer’s desires for exceedingly responsive, quick loading services and applications. Keen entrepreneurs will move rapidly to reexamine and overhaul their SaaS, PaaS, and websites to be more responsive. The IOE and IOT will additionally take advantage of the faster network by allowing companies in this space to receive and deliver data efficiently in real time.

3. The IoE will become the dominant focal point

In 2018, IoT and AI played a stellar part in the tech world. While industry experts expect that IoT will see its own development, nonstop innovations in the real-time data analytics and the developing technology cloud computing are set to push the IOE to fore in 2019. IoE depends on the machine to machine interaction, process, and data and how people speak with everything in their condition. Cloud computing will play a major role as the IoE forms into complex frameworks aimed at simplifying all interactions.

For people, this implies we will have the capacity to interact cleverly with each gadget in a network—simply like IoT. People will have the capacity to interact effectively in human-to-human communications. For instance, Google's Pixel Buds are a headset equipped with the capacity to translate and recognize 40 dialects for its client.

IoE will also furnish organizations with more insight into how shoppers relate to their services or products, customer care units, and each other. This information would then be used in numerous ways, including simplifying client experience through automation and the utilization of savvy robots. Japanese hospitality robots, which can welcome guests, chat in real time, and give certain services, give a sneak look into what IoE could achieve in the future.

4. Security challenges and the cloud

Because cyber-attacks are turning out to be more complex, security examiners in government, private and public areas will also need to become more refined and auspicious in their techniques for recognizing and preventing attacks. Organizations will recognize the need for investing in tools like security data, event management, and malware detection frameworks as crucial defense mechanisms for digital security. The role of cloud computing services can also play a role here, with managed security service providers offering strong services to organizations that couldn't generally execute full security measures.

Wrapping up

Finding and adopting the latest trends in cloud computing is crucial for organizations at all levels. From a technology that was initially used for cost savings and efficiency, the cloud has turned into an innovation powerhouse. While the future of cloud computing can be difficult to predict, it is sure that the technology will continue having a significant effect on the business process.

About Author

Uschie works as an Associate Vice President in Seasia Infotech, a CMMi Level 5 certified software development organization in its office in Mohali, Punjab. She heads and manages the Mobile Solutions in the organization and is responsible for managing key accounts, designing & building the most suitable software solutions across various domains viz. e-Commerce, Education, Healthcare, Publishing, Retail, Manufacturing and more for clients across the globe.

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