History & Evolution of Cloud Computing : What to Expect in 2018

History & Evolution of Cloud Computing : What to Expect in 2018

We have seen it, heard it, and done it. But, do we know what it is? We have been using cloud computing unknowingly through Gmail and Google docs, yet we never thought that these were cloud computing services.

The term “cloud” was actually derived from telephony. The telecommunication companies offered Virtual Private Network with good quality at affordable prices. The symbol of the cloud represented the demarcation point which was the sole responsibility of the provider. Cloud computing manages the servers and network infrastructure management.

It has essentially evolved from various computing technologies like grid computing, utility computing, parallel computing, and virtualization. The most recent development of cloud computing has evolved from the Web2.0 technology which caters to web applications that facilitate participatory information sharing, interoperability & user-centered design etc. Examples of Web 2.0 include wikis, blogs, social networking & video sharing sites etc.

The evolution of cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases:

1. The Idea Phase– This phase incepted in the early 1960s with the emergence of utility and grid computing and lasted till pre-internet bubble era. Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider was the founder of cloud computing.

2. The Pre-cloud Phase– The pre-cloud phase originated in the 1999 and extended to 2006. In this phase internet as the mechanism to provide Application as Service.

3. The Cloud Phase– The much talked about real cloud phase started in the year 2007 when the classification of IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS got formalized. The history of cloud computing has witnessed some very interesting breakthroughs launched by some of the leading computer/web organizations of the world.

What is Cloud Computing technology?

Cloud computing is a technology that puts your entire computing infrastructure in both hardware and software applications online. It uses the internet, remote central servers to maintain data & applications. Gmail, Yahoo mail, Facebook, Hotmail, Orkut, etc are all the most basic and widely used examples of cloud computing. One does not need his own PC or laptop to check some stored mail/data/photos in the mailbox but any computer with an internet connection since the data is stored with the mail service provider on a remote cloud. The technology in essence is a geographical shift in the location of our data from personal computers to a centralized server or ‘cloud’. Typically, cloud services charges its customers on a usage basis. Hence it is also called Software as a Service (SaaS). It aims to provide infrastructure and resources online in order to serve its clients; Dynamism, Abstraction and Resource Sharing.

Varieties of Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is classified under various heads. On the basis of the type, usage & location, it is classified under the following head:

• Public Cloud When a cloud is available to the general public on a pay-per-use basis, that cloud is called a ‘Public Cloud’. The customer has no visibility over the location of the cloud computing infrastructure. It is based on the standard cloud computing model. Examples of public cloud are Amazon EC2, Windows Azure service platform, IBM’s Blue cloud.

• Private Cloud- The internal data centers of business organizations which are not made available to the general public are termed as private cloud. As the name suggests, the private cloud is dedicated to the customer itself. These are more secured as compared to public clouds. It uses the technology of virtualization. A private cloud is hosted on the company’s own servers. Example of private cloud technology is Eucalyptus and VMware.

• Hybrid Cloud- A combination of private and public cloud is called a hybrid cloud. Companies use their own infrastructure for normal usage and hire the cloud at events of heavy network traffic or high data load.

What’s next for Cloud Computing in 2018?

IT executives and entrepreneurs are turning more of their attention on how they use technology to achieve their business goals for 2018. Below is the list of a few trends in cloud computing that business should prepare for in the coming year:

1. Cloud Storage Capacity

As cloud services progressively turn into an essential part of doing business, we anticipate data storage to develop exponentially in the coming time. To achieve this, organizations will arrange more data centers online with bigger capacity storage equipment. As indicated by the Cisco analysis, the aggregate amount of data stored in the data centers would be 370 EB, while worldwide storage capacity would reach 600. These numbers are set to develop in 2018 to an expected aggregate storage limit of 1.1 ZB, which is around double the space accessible in 2017.

While the owners of data centers are going to increase the available storage, forward-thinking organizations will have the capacity to use that space to fulfill their requirements. For instance, organizations that work with big data will utilize this expanded space to store large data indexes or sets and perform analytics on them, and reap valuable insights into areas, for example, client behavior, human frameworks, and strategic financial investment. For small private companies, expanded storage capacity implies that 2018 will give custom or bespoke storage alternatives at far lower costs than were accessible in 2017.

2. Better Internet Quality and the Rise of 5G

Similarly as the measure of data produced and stored around the globe is expected to grow enormously in 2018, purchasers will also expect better and quicker connections from network providers.

Improved network speed will increase buyer’s desires for exceedingly responsive, quick loading services and applications. Keen entrepreneurs will move rapidly to reexamine and overhaul their SaaS, PaaS, and websites to be more responsive. The IOE and IOT will additionally take advantage of the faster network by allowing companies in this space to receive and deliver data efficiently in the real time.

Worth reading: Role of Cloud Computing in the Internet of Things

3. The IoE will become the dominant focal point

In 2017, IoT and AI played a stellar part in the tech world. While industry experts expect that IoT will see its own development, nonstop innovations in the real-time data analytics and the developing technology cloud computing are set to push the IOE to fore in 2018. IoE depends on the machine to machine interaction, process, and data and how people speak with everything in their condition. Cloud computing will play a major role as the IoE forms into complex frameworks aimed at simplifying all interactions.

For people, this implies we will have the capacity to interact cleverly with each gadget in a network—simply like IoT. People will have the capacity to interact effectively in human-to-human communications. For instance, Google’s Pixel Buds are a headset equipped with the capacity to translate and recognize 40 dialects for its client.

IoE will also furnish organizations with more insight into how shoppers relate to their services or products, customer care units, and each other. This information would then be used in numerous ways, including simplifying client experience through automation and the utilization of savvy robots. Japanese hospitality robots, which can welcome guests, chat in real time, and give certain services, give a sneak look into what IoE could achieve in the future.

4. Security challenges and the cloud

Because cyber-attacks are turning out to be more complex, security examiners in government, private and public areas will also need to become more refined and auspicious in their techniques for recognizing and preventing attacks. Organizations will recognize the need of investing in tools like security data, event management and malware detection frameworks as crucial defense mechanisms for digital security. Cloud services can play a role here also, with managed security service providers offering strong services to organizations that couldn’t generally execute full security measures.

Wrapping up

Finding and adopting latest trends of cloud computing is crucial for organizations at all levels. From a technology that was initially used for cost savings and efficiency, the cloud has turned into an innovation powerhouse. While the future of cloud computing can be difficult to predict, it is sure that the technology will continue having a significant effect on the business process.

The Role of Cloud Computing in the Internet of Things

The Role of Cloud Computing in the Internet of Things

Transformation is an evergreen trend, which is turning into an absolute need of the time in today’s quick paced world. With technology storing all of the data in a new refined format, there is a ton of scope with regards to data storage and control.

As social media and smart phones start to rule the world, there is a lot of discussion occurring around what’s coming next. The obvious answer of the present time is, the Internet of Things. With the Internet produces enormous lumps of data consistently, there is a bending strain on the data infrastructure, making it important to search for answers to ease the utilization of information storage.

Since the arrival of cloud technology, there has been a huge shift towards utilizing it as a method of storage for individuals and organizations alike. Given the scalability and data dynamics, there is a great deal of stress being given to the utilization of Cloud computing to make information accessible remotely.

Putting this scalability for utilization, the Cloud has turned out to be a proficient tool for exchanging data through the traditional Internet channels and additionally through a dedicated direct link. The traditional technique isn’t favored widely; however, in the meantime, numerous organizations like to utilize the direct link to exchange data to the Cloud, given the quality of the data and the security it guarantees amid the transfer stage.

This isn’t all; the Cloud has turned into a fundamental part of the Internet world. Basically, the cloud can be named as an empowering agent when it comes to IOT. The Cloud is without a doubt a perfect answer for all data-driven requirements of organizations. As this technology is growing, it is providing an agile platform for IOT application development to build up better data gadgets over the Internet.

How Cloud Computing Helps IOT?

The fundamental idea behind the IOT and the Cloud computing is to increase productivity in the everyday tasks, without disturbing the quality of the data stored or exchanged. Since the relationship is common, both of them complement each other successfully. The IOT becomes the source of the information, while the Cloud turns into an ultimate destination for it to be stored.

As we are progressing, we will see a lot of changes happening; some of these changes will be slow while others will be quicker. Organizations like Google, Amazon AWS, and Microsoft will turn into the undisputed pioneers of Cloud IOT Services, making the test significantly more beneficial.

Read: IOT Application Development- The Next Big Investment Destination

As the Cloud accumulates more attention and speed gradually, there are a huge number of Cloud service providers which are starting to offer pay per use models to organizations. In this way, organizations just need to pay for what the computer resource they utilize. Some more reasons which feature the significance of the cloud in the world of IOT are:

Decreased cost of ownership: Inflation is a ceaseless hazard which each business needs to confront sometime. The Cloud technology gives adequate assets to organizations with the goal that they don’t need to spend much on setting up their framework. Without on location frameworks, software and hardware, the IT department are more centered on their everyday up keeping activities, which are regularly an obvious advantage with the Cloud.

Business continuity programs: The Cloud computing is capable of running organizations, even amidst sudden disasters. Since the data is kept up on separate servers, there is no inescapable threat to the private data, making the Cloud a vital piece of Internet-based firms.

The Future of IOT and the Cloud

New businesses: As a lot of Cloud merchants pop up, new businesses will proceed to advance and turn out to be more effective, influencing the technology to stream stronger and smoother. The transition from one source to another will become secure, making the Cloud a solid place to function.

Developing nations: The strongest source of revenue for the Cloud originates from the developing countries, as they are trying to get up to speed with the times. But, this revenue will definitely dig, once these countries can embrace their technology to the Cloud.

Google’s “Cloud Test Lab”a free, automated testing service

Google's “Cloud Test Lab”a free, automated testing service

Android apps works on various  Android devices which can have a different Android version, resolution, aspect ratio, screen and performance cover when compared to another.There are various Android testing services  whose aim is to test the various apps and helps to solve the problem, but Google is finally going to offer a first-party option to developers though the Play Store developer console.

Recently, Google announced the “Cloud Test Lab,” an in-house Android app testing service. In this you can upload your app to the developer console staging channel and Google will perform automated testing on the “Top 20” Android devices from around the world . At the end of testing, customers obtain a report summarizing the process of testing across all relevant devices with testing results and log files.  .

This service will allow the developers to “walk through” their apps on the selected devices and if they found any kind of crashes into it they will receive a video of the app before the crash and a crash log to help them in debugging their things. Google says this service will help catch layout issues and show -topping bugs and allow developers to spot bugs with low-RAM devices.

The statistics owned by Google  is the very less percent of devices are running the latest version of Android as compared to iOS because various devices of  apple are running the latest major version.
The “Top 20” tier is free, and Google is planing to expand the services to more than “Top 20” devices through a paid services. The parallel testing of physical devices can bring developers deeper insight into how to scale apps for various devices. The “Top 20” devices is probably only a tiny sliver of that, the service shows that Google is at least trying to help with the problem.The program is expected to launch later this year.

We help our clients to realize their goal  of creating and deploying SaaS (Software as a service model)  model onto the cloud.

Cloud Hadoop First Azure Service Running on Linux

Cloud Hadoop First Azure Service Running on Linux

Microsoft has already rolled out an Azure HD Insight version that runs on Linux (Ubuntu). It is cloud Hadoop distribution – that runs on Ubuntu. It was announced at Strata Conference. Though Linux instances were readily available on Azure Cloud – IAAS (Infrastructure as a Service), however this is the first time that Microsoft has managed to enable Azure to host a service that runs on Linux. It is Microsoft’s Apache Hadoop-based service in the Azure cloud. It looks like a great business opportunity for the software and mobile outsourcing firms across nations.

As we all know that most of the Hadoop’s deployment runs on Linux, and now with Microsoft efforts that has put HD Insight in a place where more and more developers will get attracted towards Hadoop experience. The firm has also put in efforts in making Hadoop a bit more Window friendly from what we had back in 2012, where Microsoft first proposed to improve Hadoop for Windows Server and Azure to Apache. Hence the announcement was perfectly aligned with their promise.

In accomplishing this Microsoft has also involved the effort of Hortonworks – a leading enterprise Hadoop distribution vendor. So it is a Big Data Hosted Solution presented by the collective efforts of Microsoft, Hortonworks and Ubuntu. HDInsight will now offer Hadoop on Azure, running on Ubuntu and supported by Canonical, running parallel with our other computer services.

Another possibly big new competency is ranging Linux-based Hadoop clusters sitting in consumer’s own data centers to Azure and using the same Linux tools, templates and documentation across both environments. The customers can now evaluate all types of data with fast and cost-effective scale on demand. The service supports and is scalable of an Azure hosted service, paired with the Linux ecosystem. Moreover it has programming extensions for the web and mobile developers so that they can use their favorite languages.

Why Ubuntu? Describing the reason, T.K. Rengarajan, corporate vice president of Data Platform at Microsoft wrote that due to the obvious popularity of the enterprise distribution of the Linux and on the top of that it is the leading scale-out Linux. Supporting the vice president’s statement, Corey Sanders- director of program management at Azure, said that the firm will also provide support for HDInsight on Azure.

Sanders also explained that the Customers can utilize the same skills and tools they use for their Linux Hadoop deployments on premises and migrate to Azure platform or even create hybrid deployments without bothering themselves about managing the infrastructure of the service.

He added that the Azure cloud VM service fully technically supports six Linux distributions. According to Sanders, one out of five customer VMs deployed on Azure run on Linux. The web and mobile developers have become very effective at building insurance so that each server under their watch would run in perfect accordance with their policies.

Microsoft has been gradually changing its old reputation of a stuffy software giant opposed to open source. The service is presently available in four Azure regions – two in U.S., one in Asia and one in Europe– however the software would be outsourced in all regions in coming several months including India as well.

Salesforce Community Cloud

Salesforce Community Cloud

Salesforce.com Inc. is a global cloud computing company. It is known for its best customer relationship management (CRM) product, which has been extended into a “social enterprise arena” through the achievements.

The company has officially rolled out an enhanced version of its enterprise chat product; the name of the tool is “Community Cloud”. Community Cloud is similar; like a custom, private version of LinkedIn for different businesses. The basic purpose of the product is to let companies connect with their customers, employees and partners to chat, share files, and other communication medium. Salesforce wishes to take on this product similar to LinkedIn with the new invention along with some existing and required features. Salesforce has decided to pen down everything to apps, news, and other things that people wants to do with their jobs and provide the services to the customers.

It has beenthe company’s fortein the consumer market, community for employers and job seekers. Users can personalize their job search, connect with their colleagues, notice and share the information about jobs-all from a single application.

Today, companies are willing to create their own communities and groups with the same field and occupation that can be accessed through a handheld device, which are also entirely associated to their business processes.

Community Cloud is not a brand-new product in the market, but an update of an existing product released about a year ago. Salesforce has shared some stats on how well their product is going on: it has more than 2,000 vigorous communities, which includes the customers like Cornell University, General Electric Capital, Key Bank, Pearson, State of Colorado, Pono Music,Honeywell and Tata Communications. They have also claimed that Deloitte Digital has contracted on as a partner to support and sell Community Cloud.


  • Salesforce provides a dynamics calesecure, devoted infrastructure as needed with comfort and speed.
  • Real-time recording and ordering via a customizable management solution.
  • Manage the admin cloud and traditional centralize data center environments through remote or onsite services.

Competence and Cost Fall

  • The operational cost has been decreased through computing resources common across the community.
  • Existing data center resources have been augmented rather than build new internal settings.
  • It also reduced the delivery time from months to hours and possibly shifts Capital Expenditure (CapEx) to Operating Expense (OpEx).

Safety, Privacy and Agreement

  • It has been tailoredas per the industry guidelines, almost private environments, which have been designed to address the unique security and controlling requirements.
  • Information Technology Infrastructure is maintained for using practices, secured for critical mission & business and has been optimized to meet the objectives.

To assist their clients and maintenance, the community cloud offers the following services:


Using ITIL service management approaches, company has been provided complete supervision and support of the community cloud structure, includes:

  •      Monitoring and repairing
  •      Manage security
  •      Server administration:-storing, network, backup and restore
  •      Storage management
  •      System software management
  •      Resource pool management
  •      Ongoing maintenance

Assessment and Future Roadmap

Shared computing distribution framework will provide the facility to evaluate the existing state and develop a future state plans that contains a relocation roadmap designed to enhance the community cloud infrastructure environment. To govern the management of a new infrastructure and changes to inner monetary and billing methods, new processes and procedures have developed.

Procurement and Execution

Procurement and execution of all hardware and software are required to enhance the community cloud infrastructure.

Lets welcome The Internet of Things

Lets welcome The Internet of Things

Let’s move from Internet of People to Internet of Things. Let’s not just shrink the world in order to connect distant people, let’s just connect the devices as well. Let’s not have the processors process the data captured by humans or some data source, let’s have the devices to see, calculate, think and collect the data from their own and then process it. Let’s remove the slightest possibility of human errors and approximations and bring down the accuracy. Let’s have the computers that know everything there is to know about anything around us. Let’s enter the world where advanced connectivity of systems, devices and services going beyond our traditional machine to machine communications that too following all the security protocols.

Let’s welcome the Internet of Things (IoT) and go back to the future of the embedded intelligence where the machines not just communicate, they rather talk to machines. It is a place where the device not just shares the information; they instead take action based on the communication. And by ‘Things’ we mean literally anything and everything.  The things we encounter in our daily life. Any embedded computing systems like automobiles with built-in sensors, real time heart monitoring, operational devices helping the fire fighters by assisting them in search and rescue operations, Wi-Fi enabled dryers and washers, location-based services and the humans as well.

So if we narrow down the vast world of IoT, it is all about smart objects. We have applications used in media, environmental monitoring, medical and health care systems, manufacturing, energy management, transportation, building and home automations, cloud computing and large scale deployments. Our embedded systems, control systems, wireless sensor networks, automation, all have their contribution in enabling the Internet of Things. It is like existing innovations driving a completely connected world.
IoT is meant to refer to a vision of internet in which not only can anyone be connected at anytime but so to anything. From the tyres of your car to your toothbrush! IoT is enabled by four key technologies underlying it and functioning as the backbone of IoT revolution.

  • The tagging of things through auto-ID technologies for example RFIDs to provide a unique identity.
  • Sensing things through sensors and actuators.
  • Shrinking things through developments in miniaturization and nanotechnology
  •  And finally things that think through increasingly embedded processing power.

The experts also say that the success of the Internet of Things will depend on open data such as various cloud networks. It also involves the conventional dualisms of “security versus freedom” and “comfort versus data privacy”. And when we talk about cloud- a digital universe of information freely available to us, privacy is the biggest challenge. With the people around us where the data only is felt secure if it is present physically, it has become a real challenge in convincing them the concept of their data being secured on cloud. Remotely managed data could also cause them to become dependent and lose their supremacy on a personal level. I think we still have some distance to go there.